Dysmenorrhoea is the occurrence of painful cramps during menstruation. Severe dysmenorrhoea is most prevalent in young single women leading sedentary life. Though it may be normal & physiological but it may also be caused by uterine polyps, fibroids and Intra-uterine contraceptive devices.
- Symptoms often co-occurring with menstrual pain include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, headache, dizziness, disorientation, hypersensitivity to sound, light, smell and touch, fainting, and fatigue. Symptoms of dysmenorrhoea often begin immediately following ovulation and can last until the end of menstruation.
- Pain in back and lower abdomen 3-5 days before menses which may or may not be relieved by menstrual flow. Severe excruciating abdomen pain lasting for a short time on the first day of menses.