Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).
Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas and its main role is to check the levels of glucose in the blood.
·Type 1 diabetes: results from the body's failure to produce insulin, and presently requires the person to inject insulin. (Also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM for short, and juvenile diabetes.)
Type 2 diabetes: results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. (Formerly referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM for short, and adult-onset diabetes.)
· Gestational diabetes: is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. It may precede development of type 2 DM.
· DiNormal glucose levels: Fasting: 80 - 110. Post meals up to 140.
Mostly diabetes is hereditary.Other causes which predispose to diabetes are:
Increase in frequency of urine especially at night where a person has to get up 5-6 times to urinate i.e. Polyuria
Impotency in men and frequent vaginal infection in female. Diabetes affects really all the system. If not controlled it affects -
Follow your physician’s advice regularly and have a regular follow-up.Do not stop or alter medication on your own.