Back pain is pain felt in the back that usually originates from the muscles, nerves, bones, joints or other structures in the spine. Backache is a common problem and responsible for major absenteeism at work.
Causes range from injury, disc prolapse, vertebral fracture, cervical and lumbar spondylosis, vertebral abnormalities. Also pregnancy, hormonal changes and weight gain leads to backache.
Back pain can be divided anatomically: neck pain, upper back pain, lower back pai or tailbone pain. By its duration: acute (less than 4 weeks), sub acute (4 – 12 weeks), and chronic (greater than 12 weeks). By its cause: musculoskeletal (MSK), infectious, cancer, etc.
Backache may accompany other symptoms including:
To lift objects from floor, kneel do not bend. Or bend at the knees and not at the waist. Regular exercise for back muscles keeps spasms at bay.Relaxation techniques, yoga and meditation help.A diet rich in calcium and multivitamins is recommended.Massage your back once a week.
In case of an attack of backache, go to bed immediately on a firm mattress and stay there for at least 24 hours, getting up only to go to the toilet.