The cause of arthritis is largely non specific. But various factors like heredity, obesity, injury and stress may play a part.
Other causes can be:
1. Infections from different bacteria
2. Rheumatic fever.
4. Tuberculosis, psoriasis and even intestinal diseases like Crohns.
Inability to use the hand or walk.
Malaise and a feeling of tiredness.
Muscle aches and pains.
Difficulty moving the joint.
Loss of flexibility.
Decreased aerobic fitness.
Red shiny skin over the joints.
Deformity of joint
Later on sometimes there may be numbness, loss of appetite, low grade fever and a general sense of being unwell.
DO'S AND DON'TS
Maintain optimum weight for your height and built. Exercise regularly, but avoid vigorous and heavy work.
Yoga can be very helpful.
A whole food, largely vegetarian diet with plenty of salads, fruits and lightly cooked vegetables is recommended.
Avoid red meat but fish or chicken in moderate amounts will do no harm. Avoid unpasteurised milk and use goat's milk if possible.
Avoid acid fruits such as lemons and strawberries, tomatoes, salt, sugar (use honey), tea, coffee, smoking and alcohol.
Take vitamin A, C, E and zinc supplements.
On waking do not rush into your routine, but start gradually and slowly.
In case of acute inflammation, do take rest till inflammation subsides.
Avoid full activity or stretching of the joints.